How can a combination of surprise event, visual illusion and cognitive lockup lead to a heavy landing? Fog creates visual illusion. Other factors like tight coupling of events and cognitive lockup can lead to incidents.
Inattentional blindness, Cognitive bias and poor crew training standards lead to the near world worst air disaster.
How could two pilots execute an approach on the taxiway with 4 aircrafts with almost 1000 passengers in it. They missed the collision by 60 feet.