Unlike other animals, human beings spend a lot of time thinking about what is not going on around them, contemplating events that happened in the past, might happen in the future, or will never happen at all.
Buddhism attributes the root of suffering to the never ending pointless pursuit of transient feel good factor, which causes us to be in a constant state of tension, restlessness and dissatisfaction. Due to this pursuit, the mind is never satisfied. Even when experiencing pleasure. it is not content, because this feeling might soon disappear, and craves that this feeling should stay and intensify.
The mind keeps wandering from place to place in search of happiness. The magic of our minds is often lost in the mundane details of our daily routines, but the remarkable flexibility of our mental lives remains. Our minds may be directed toward the task at hand—they may be “here” as we concentrate on our daily commute or focus on the contents of a meeting or conversation. There may be times when our minds are blank.
First, people’s minds wandered frequently, regardless of what they were doing. Mind wandering occurred in 46.9% of the samples and in at least
30% of the samples taken during every activity except making love. The frequency of mind wandering in our real-world sample was considerably higher than is typically seen in laboratory experiments. Surprisingly, the nature of people’s activities had only a modest impact on whether their
minds wandered and had almost no impact on the pleasantness of the topics to which their minds wandered
Second, multilevel regression revealed that people were less happy when their minds were wandering than when they were not.
Third, what people were thinking was a better predictor of their happiness than was what they were doing.
The human mind is a wandering mind, and a wandering mind is an unhappy mind. The ability to think about what is not happening
is a cognitive achievement that comes at an emotional cost.
Mindfulness helps in managing negative thoughts and focus attention on the work in hand. This also prevents distractions. That embarrassing recollection or moment of self-doubt may not disappear from your thoughts. Research, however, suggests mindfulness gives you the ability to more readily identify the negative thoughts and exit the merry-go-round that often follows from focusing on negativity.
This research corresponds in practice with what is seen by Katie Krimer, M.A., L.M.S.W., a psychotherapist and social worker in New York City. Krimer says, “When we practice mindfulness, whether through meditation or other activities, the goal is never to rid of negative thoughts or banish anxiety. Instead, the intention of practice is to become more aware with things the way that they are. So much of our anxiety and negative thinking is sustained by our resistance [to] the uncomfortable experience.”
The new generation of pilots is facing the dilemma of handling increasing levels of automation. They are not being able to retain the skills of flying to deal with automation failures.
The Multi Pilot License program drastically reduced real-time flying and replaced it with flight simulator flying. But it’s not the solution. It is a concept which focuses on the multi-crew concept more than the holistic development of a pilots personality.
The U.S. Army is downgrading technology in its new Eurocopter UH-72 Lakota fleet. This is so that student pilots can master basic flying skills. Even though the modern helicopter automatically performs those tasks. But concurrent with the service’s old-school methods of inculcating these skills, it is revolutionizing its training. They are using virtual reality and classified scenarios, which helps Fort Rucker, Alabama, prepare aviators for multi-domain fights.
Read my blog on the use of artificial intelligence in training.https://mindfly.blog/2019/04/10/artificial-intelligence-will-replace-the-pilot-trainer-mindfly/(opens in a new tab)
Airlines too need to give more time to trainees on the real aircraft on what is called the base training. This will give them confidence in handling the aircraft. Handling normal flight but different modes and levels of flight without automation.
The feel of real flying needs to be brought back. The airlines need to spend more time, money and effort during the foundation levels of training. The amalgamation of good old stick and rudder combined with artificial intelligence offers the solution. This is what the industry has been looking for.
Humans, by their very nature, make mistakes. Human error is implicated in 70% to 80% of aviation accidents. (O’Hare, Wiggins, Batt, & Morrison, 1994; Wiegmann and Shappell, 1999; Yacavone, 1993).
I beg to differ with the basic premise. Human involvement in the chain of events leading to an accident is a fact. There is a 100% involvement of humans in the error chain. Elimination of error is not feasible. Human factors are about designing systems that are resilient to unanticipated events.
Crew resource management is a training intervention for threat error management. The whole focus has now shifted to error reduction. The human factor is a scientific discipline that requires years of training; most human factors professionals hold relevant graduate degrees. It is a myth that Human factors consist of a limited set of principles. As a result, the concept of CRM cannot be learned during a brief training.
Human factors work is not just limited to the individual level. Most importantly, HF also ranges from individual to organizational levels. As a result, it can bring other potential contributors. It can examine how the performance and safety of individuals and teams are impacted by organizational policies and procedures.
Human factor training needs in-depth study. Similar to learning the skill of flying, the same applies to the principles of human factor.
This is the sixth month of blogging and Indiblogger powered by Alexa ( Amazon) has given me a decent score of 63 from a range of 1-100. I am delighted and quite excited. mindFly is a unique blog which mainly focuses on human factors in aviation. 100% of aviation accidents and incidents have the human factor as a contributory cause. The need to have a holistic view of human behaviour can help address the issue in a more pragmatic manner.
Thank you readers for the support and hope to develop an interactive blog in times to come.
It’s like runs in a game of cricket – the higher the score, the higher ranking you have. Blogs are ranked on a scale of 1-100.
A blog’s IndiRank is calculated based on various factors. Other blog ranking systems rate how popular a blog is. We’ve taken it a step further based on how deserving a blog is of becoming popular. This is to ensure that the lesser known, but well deserving blogs are pushed up the ladder as well. IndiRank will be completely refreshed every month, so a blog’s previous rank will have no bearing on it’s present rank.
We’ve combined several factors including
Google PageRank, Incoming links and alexa ranking (Inspired by the research done by Binaryday). Recently, we added mozRank as an important factor. The system also checks to see the frequency at which a blog is updated, and three other secret ingredients. Some of these factors have more weightage than the rest.
The primary duty of a flight attendant is to ensure the safety of the passengers and other crew. The cabin crew of the Aeroflot flight UA1492 is being hailed as the heroes. AFA Commends Heroic Aeroflot Flight Attendants on Flight 1492. The Association of Flight Attendants-CWA (AFA), representing 50,000 Flight Attendants at 20 airlines, mourns the loss of Flight Attendant Maxim Moiseyev who died on the burning Aeroflot 1492 aircraft while trying to save lives.
AFA President Sara Nelson released the following statement on the accident:
“Flight Attendants are aviation’s first responders. Flight Attendant Tatyana Kasatkina ‘grabbed passengers by the collar’ to evacuate people as quickly as possible. The crew were all heroes and our union will honor their action through official recognition. We offer them any support we may give as they grapple with this tragic event. We will also ensure their horrific experience and the lessons from it are never forgotten.
In an emergency, there is no time or room for being polite since every second count. The flight attendants who have been extremely courteous till the event, have to rapidly switch mode to being autocratic and ruthless in the interest of safety at large. The certification requirement of every aircraft requires an evacuation demonstration. All passengers have to be evacuated in 90 seconds from the time a command is given assuming only half the aircraft exits are available, others assumed to be blocked.
During a demo, the actors are briefed and are motivated to beat the target time, whereas in real life, each passenger has her/his mind occupied with a hundred thoughts and there could be a big chaos inside the cabin.
As you can make out from the video, the amount of preparation to beat the 90-second rule is enormous. The actors are briefed and they understand the criticality of performing as a group to qualify for certification. This is nowhere close to real life scenes that have been witnessed.
Training and training alone is the key to habit formation. This will help the crew to modify their behaviour to suit the needs of the situation. Safety systems and devices have to be built to have more practical rather than theoretical approach. Past evacuations have proven that there is an urgent need to address this issue.
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