The Vistara flight UK-944 landed with only 200kgs in tanks in a Mayday Fuel situation.
French (BEA) study on approach and go-around reveals that many pilot monitoring (PM’s) do not know where and when to look during a go-around.
How can a combination of surprise event, visual illusion and cognitive lockup lead to a heavy landing? Fog creates visual illusion. Other factors like tight coupling of events and cognitive lockup can lead to incidents.